Views:93 Author:Site Editor Publish Time: 2019-12-31 Origin:Site
What is Barbiers?
Barbiers is one of the most common skin diseases in dermatology clinic, accounting for about 20% of the first patients. Barbiers is caused by fungal infection. Especially in summer, people sweat a lot, some parts of their bodies are wet, and they wear little. This kind of bacteria can be stuck on the desks and chairs in the office or library. This kind of infection is stronger than we think, and ordinary people may neglect it.
Barbiers is an infectious foot skin disease caused by pathogenic fungi. Barbiers are popular all over the world, especially in the tropics and subtropics. In China, the incidence of barbiers is also quite high. There is no sebaceous gland between the foot and the toe, so there is no fatty acid to inhibit the skin filamentous fungi, so the physiological defense function is poor. However, the sweat glands of these parts are very rich and sweat more. In addition, the air circulation is poor and the local humidity is warm, which is conducive to the growth of filamentous fungi. The cuticle of the plantar skin is thick, and keratin in the cuticle is a rich nutrient of fungi, which is conducive to the growth of fungi.
During pregnancy, due to endocrine changes, the skin's ability to resist fungal infection decreased, so pregnant women are prone to barbiers. Obese people are prone to barbiers because of damp between toes and sweat immersion. The injury of foot skin destroys the defense function of skin, which is one of the factors inducing barbiers. Diabetes patients lack insulin, which leads to the disorder of substance metabolism, and the increase of skin sugar content leads to the decrease of resistance, so they are prone to barbiers. The abuse of antibiotics, long-term use of corticosteroids and immunosuppressants will lead to dysbacteriosis of normal skin flora and increase the susceptibility of barbiers.
The incidence of barbiers is also related to living habits. Some people do not pay attention to foot cleaning and shoes and socks hygiene, which provides a good breeding place for fungi. So in our daily life, we can prepare either antibacterial insoles or disposable insole.
The clinical manifestations are blister, desquamate or white, wet and soft skin. Erosion or skin thickening, roughness and cracking may also occur. It can also spread to the sole and margin of the foot.
Local may also be purulent, inflamed, painful, swollen inguinal lymph nodes, and even the formation of leg erysipelas and cellulitis and other secondary infections.
As a result of using the hand to scratch, this often infects to the hand and produces the tinea manus. When fungi grow on the fingernails, they will become onychomycosis. Fungi like humid and warm environment, high temperature in summer, people sweat a lot. Those who wear rubber shoes and nylon socks provide a hotbed for fungi. In winter, their condition is better, but their skin is still cracked. There are several types:
Most of them occur in summer, and the deep blisters with the size of rice grain appear in the toe, foot margin and foot bottom. They are scattered or distributed in groups, with thick blister wall, clear content, and are not easy to rupture. They fuse with each other to form multilocular vesicles. If we tear off the blister wall, we can see the honeycomb basement and bright red erosive surface, and severe itching.
It shows that the cuticle of local epidermis is soft and white. Due to the continuous friction of the epidermis during walking, the bright red erosive surface is exposed; in severe cases, the skin can be involved in the interphalangeal joint, the interphalangeal joint of the toe abdomen and the sole of the foot, and the pruritus is severe, mostly in the third, fourth and fifth interphalangeal joints. This phenomenon is common in sweaty people.
The symptoms are thickening, coarseness and desquamation of the skin of the sole, margin and heel. Scales are flaked or punctate and fall off repeatedly.
In daily life, we must pay attention to personal hygiene. Do not share toiletries with others, change shoes and socks frequently and prepare antibacterial insoles for your shoes!