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Ten Common Knee Joint Diseases

Views: 82     Author: Site Editor     Publish Time: 2019-12-17      Origin: Site

Ten Common Knee Joint Diseases

Leg aging is first manifested in the knee joint. According to the survey, the probability of knee joint disease in elderly people over 60 years old can reach 50%, 80% in 75 years old, and the disability rate can be as high as 53%. This means that after getting old, many people suffer from knee joint disease. To cure knee joint disease, we must first know them clearly. Today, I will explain some common knee diseases for you. 

Type of Knee Joint Disease

Subluxation of the humerus

It is most common in teenage girls and young women. Symptoms of subluxation of the humerus are paroxysmal knee joint weakness, mild effusion, moderate and severe effusion indicating intra-articular hematoma and suggesting dislocation of the tibia with osteochondral fracture and hemorrhage. 

Tibia and tuberosity

This is more common in teenage boys, and the pain is limited to the tibial tuberosity. Pain is aggravated when go downstairs or contract quadriceps strongly. Jumping, hurdles and other sports aggravate the pain. Local swelling of the tibial tuberosity, fever, tenderness, anti-active knee extension or passive over-flexion of the knee joint can cause pain, without joint effusion. X-ray film can be negative, or the calcification shadow of the tibial tuberosity can be seen, the patellar ligament is thickened, and the soft tissue is swollen before the tibial tuberosity. For boys, you can wear a sports insole that fits the curvature of your foot, which minimizes the damage of your movement. 

Avascular necrosis of the tibia

The multiple populations are the same as the tibial tuberosity, but the lesions and tender sites are in the lower extremities. The X-ray lateral radiograph is normal or has a spotted calcification shadow at the junction of the humerus and patellar ligament. The calcification point is similar to the posterior humerus extension. 

Knee Joint Disease


It is more common on the lower jaw and the bone junction after the bones mature. Its symptom is more viscous knee pain. Besides, it will increase pain after activities such as going downstairs or running. However, the tenderness often disappears during the straight leg raising test, which indicate that the lesion is located in the deep layer of the patellar ligament, and the shallow fibrosis of the patellar ligament is tense when the straight leg is raised.  Phlegm is characterized by pain during resistance to knee extension, no joint effusion, and negative X-ray. 

Split tibia

Split humerus is common in children, with multiple bilateralities. It is generally considered to be a variation of normal ossification that can be fused in the teens. The main symptoms are pain during exercise or pain after exercise, pain during knee flexion, pain during squatting, pain when going up and down the stairs, pain while walking, and pain when cold. A children insole is recommended, which is designed for children's activities. At the same time, if the child is in the wrong walking posture caused by gonitis, the orthotic insoles should be used as soon as possible for correction. 

Femoral skull slippage

It is common in the pain of the knee joint, and the unclear positioning of knee pain in children and teenagers. Excessive weight, mild flexion and external rotation of the hip, passive internal rotation and straightening of the hip can cause pain. 

Exfoliative osteochondritis

Osteochondrosis in the joint, the cause is unknown. Symptoms are articular cartilage and subchondral bone degeneration and recalcification, which is most commonly in the femoral condyle, blurred, unclear knee pain. It will cause morning stiffness, repeated intra-articular fluid. 

orthotic insole

Patellofemoral joint pain syndrome

This is an overuse syndrome. The typical lesion is softening of the tibial cartilage, mild to moderate knee pain, blurred positioning, which often appears after sedentary. It is more common in women. There may be mild effusion, and the patellofemoral joint friction sounds when the knee is active. Exercising the front of the tibia can cause pain. 

Medial synovial fold syndrome

This disease is easily missed and belongs to the overuse syndrome. Synovial folds on the medial side of the patellofemoral joint due to hyperactivity of the knee joint. After excessive exercise, there is an acute onset of pain in the knee joint, which can be touched in the inner side of the knee joint and in front of the joint line. 

Goose foot bursitis

Excessive use or direct contusion can cause inflammation of the goose foot bursa, which is easily confused with pain of medial collateral ligament injury or medial compartment osteoarthritis. There is pain in the inside of the knee. Repeated knee flexion and knee extension can aggravate the pain. 

In order to prevent gonitis, we must prevent the damage caused by excessive use of the knee joint. In our daily life, we can wear shoe insole for knee pain to alleviate this damage. The insoles can play a very effective role.




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